Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH)
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) is a common urologic condition due to the non-cancerous enlargement of the prostate gland which usually affects men over the age of 50. Many men with BPH will never experience symptoms however, as one ages, symptoms become more likely. The prostate gland wraps around the upper part of the urethra, which carries urine out of the bladder. As the prostate gland enlarges, it can squeeze down on the urethra. This can lead to difficulty with urination and other lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS).
Symptoms of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Common symptoms of BPH can include the following:
- Frequent urination, especially at night
- Difficulty initiating urination
- Dribbling after urination
- Weak or decreased urine stream
- Sensation that the bladder is not empty, even after urination
- Starting and stopping during urination
Risk Factors of Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
Risk factors that can lead to the development of BPH include:
- Erectile dysfunction
- A family history of BPH
- Lack of physical activity
Diagnosing Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
There are a number of tools used in the evaluation of BPH. The American Urologic Association has developed one of these such tools. The BPH Symptom Score Index consists of a series of questions where the patient rates the seriousness of each symptom he is experiencing. This helps the physician to measure the seriousness of BPH. During the initial visit for the evaluation of BPH, a physician will typically complete a full medical history, a urinalysis, a PSA, and a full physical exam including a digital rectal exam. Based on the patient’s individual medical conditions, there a number of additional tests that the physician may perform.
Treatments for Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
There are a number of treatment items available for BPH. Your physician will work with you to determine the best treatment plan for you based on your individual symptoms and needs.