Overactive bladder (OAB) is a condition that causes one to feel sudden urges to urinate and may lead to involuntary loss of urine.
Symptoms Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Symptoms of OAB include:
- Involuntary loss of urine
- Excessive nighttime urination
Risk Factors of Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Risk factors for OAB include:
- History of neurological disorders such as a stroke
- History of diabetes
- Excessive consumption of caffeine or alcohol
- Advancing age
- Declining cognitive function
Diagnosing Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Your physician will typically begin the diagnosing process with completing a medical history and physical exam. In addition, urine tests may be collected to check for infection and a focused neurological exam may root out sensory problems. In many cases, a test called urodynamics is completed to find further information on the condition.
Treating Overactive Bladder (OAB)
OAB treatment typically involves a tiered approach. The first strategy involves behavioral interventions such as pelvic floor muscle exercises, maintaining a healthy weight, scheduling toilet trips, and intermittent catheterization. The second line of treatment involves medication management to help reduce the symptoms of OAB. There are a number of drug options and your physician will determine the best option for you based on your needs. The final treatment strategy includes Botox injections and nerve stimulation.